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    Rehabilitation
    Sutter Health Sacramento Sierra Region

    Kerri Plumlee

    Kerri Plumlee
    Occupational Therapist
    Sutter Roseville Medical Center

    Therapists help injured or sick patients return to health and daily activities. Rehabilitative therapy careers are among the most challenging and rewarding jobs in health care. Many people with severe injuries or illnesses need help to adjust to their disabilities and function independently. As the population of the United States ages, more elderly people will also require rehabilitative therapy treatment.

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    Audiologist

    Ideal Career For
    Individual with excellent communication skills and enjoy working with people with disabilities

    Nature of Work:
    Audiologists test hearing and identify hearing disorders. They work on health teams with physicians, speech-language pathologists and social workers to diagnose and treat patients. Audiologists help find the cause of hearing loss, work to preserve a patient's remaining hearing and prevent further losses. Hearing rehabilitation programs geared to a patient's special needs are developed by the audiologist. These programs include rehabilitation services, selecting hearing aids for patients when needed and providing lip reading training. The audiologist orders hearing aids from manufacturers and trains patients in their use.

    Job Outlook:
    Audiologists held about 12,000 jobs in 2006. More than half of all jobs were in health care facilities-offices of physicians or other health practitioners, including audiologists; hospitals; and outpatient care centers. About 13 percent of jobs were in educational services, including elementary and secondary schools. Other jobs for audiologists were in health and personal care stores, including hearing aid stores; scientific research and development services; and State and local governments.

    Employment of audiologists is expected to grow 10 percent from 2006 to 2016, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Hearing loss is strongly associated with aging, so rapid growth in older population groups will cause the number of people with hearing and balance impairments to increase markedly. Medical advances also are improving the survival rate of premature infants and trauma victims, who then need assessment and sometimes treatment. Greater awareness of the importance of early identification and diagnosis of hearing disorders in infants also will increase employment. A number of States require that newborns be screened for hearing loss and receive appropriate early intervention services.

    Entry Level Salary for Sacramento Sierra Region:
    $80,402

    Education and/or Training:
    Audiologists must be able to communicate clearly with patient, provide support, be patient and have a strong scientific background. They must pass an exam and be licensed by the state. This requires a master's degree in audiology that includes supervised clinical experience plus nine months of supervised field training. They may also receive a doctorate degree. Certificate of Clinical Competence from the American Speech Language and Hearing Association (ASHA) (CCC-A) is also required.

    Career Path:
    Experienced audiologists may become supervisors.

    Licensure/Certification:

    Schools in Sacramento Sierra Region

    Societies


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    Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant (COTA)

    Ideal Career For
    Individual with excellent communication skills and enjoy working with people with disabilities

    Nature of Work:
    Certified Occupational Therapy Assistants work under the direction of an occupational therapist to help people with disabilities return to daily life activities. They carry out a treatment plan created by an Occupational Therapist. During treatment they monitor the patient's progress, keep records and suggest changes to the therapist. Occupational Therapy Assistants help patients learn or re-learn a wide variety of activities such as dressing, grooming, bathing and eating. They may teach a disabled person how to get around despite limited mobility, carry out office tasks or prepare a meal.

    Job Outlook:
    Occupational therapist assistants and aides held about 33,000 jobs in 2006. Occupational therapist assistants held about 25,000 jobs, and occupational therapist aides held approximately 8,000. About 29 percent of jobs for assistants and aides were in hospitals, 23 percent were in offices of occupational therapists, and 21 percent were in nursing and residential care facilities. The rest were primarily in community care facilities for the elderly, home health care services, individual and family services, and State government agencies.

    Employment is expected to grow much faster than average as demand for occupational therapy services rises and as occupational therapists increasingly use assistants and aides. Job prospects should be very good for occupational therapist assistants. Employment of occupational therapist assistants and aides is expected to grow 25 percent from 2006 to 2016, much faster than the average for all occupations. Demand for occupational therapist assistants and aides will continue to rise because of the increasing number of individuals with disabilities or limited function.

    The growing elderly population is particularly vulnerable to chronic and debilitating conditions that require therapeutic services. Also, the large baby-boom generation is entering the prime age for heart attacks and strokes, further increasing the demand for cardiac and physical rehabilitation. In addition, future medical developments should permit an increased percentage of trauma victims to survive, creating added demand for therapy services. An increase of sensory disorders in children will also spur demand for occupational therapy services.

    Occupational therapists are expected to increasingly utilize assistants and aides to reduce the cost of occupational therapy services. Once a patient is evaluated and a treatment plan is designed by the therapist, the occupational therapist assistant can provide many aspects of treatment, as prescribed by the therapist.

    Entry Level Salary for Sacramento Sierra Region:
    $51,663

    Education and/or Training:
    An associate's degree from an accredited occupational therapy program and certification by the American Occupational Therapy Association are required. The ability to lift equipment and assist patients during treatments is also required.

    Career Path:

    Occupational Therapy Assistants may become occupational therapists if they earn a bachelor's degree (master's degree after 2007).

    Licensure/Certification:

    Schools in Sacramento Sierra Region

    Societies


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    Occupational Therapist

    Ideal Career For
    Individuals with excellent communication skills and enjoy working with people with disabilities

    Nature of Work:
    Occupational Therapists use everyday activities to help people who are disabled or recovering from illness to return to an independent life. They also help patients participate in education, do housework, care for their family, and find or keep a job. Occupational therapists help people with mental illness to manage time, work more productively with others and enjoy leisure activities. Occupational Therapists work closely with doctors and Physical Therapists to evaluate patients' conditions, capacities, skills and abilities. Using that information, they develop treatment plans and goals.

    Occupational Therapy Assistants work under the direction of an Occupational Therapist to help people with disabilities return to daily life activities. They carry out a treatment plan created by an Occupational Therapist. During treatment they monitor the patient's progress, keep records and suggest changes to the therapist. Occupational Therapy Assistants help patients learn or relearn a wide variety of activities such as dressing, grooming, bathing and eating. They may teach a disabled person how to get around despite limited mobility, carry out office tasks or prepare a meal.

    Job Outlook:
    Occupational Therapists held about 92,000 jobs in 2004. Employment of Occupational Therapists is expected to increase faster than the average for all occupation through 2014 based on trends and advances in medical technology that will fuel demand for therapy services. In addition, emerging areas of practice for Occupational Therapists including the aging population and early intervention programs are increasing the demand for services.

    Entry Level Salary for Sacramento Sierra Region:
    $80,402 (Full Time)

    Education and/or Training:
    To practice this field, a bachelor's degree in Occupational Therapy and six to 12 months of clinical training are required. Master's and doctorate degree programs are also available. After training, graduates must pass a national registration examination conducted by the American Occupational Therapy Association before beginning to practice. Beginning in 2007, new Occupational Therapists will need a minimum master's degree.

    Career Path:
    Occupational Therapists with experience and/or an advanced degree may be promoted to supervisory positions.

    Licensure/Certification:

    Schools in Sacramento Sierra Region

    Societies


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    Physical Therapist

    Nature of Work:
    Physical Therapists evaluate and treat people with health problems resulting from injury or disease. They assess joint motion, muscle strength, heart and lung function, and the ability to perform the activities of daily living. They then develop and administer individual treatment plans that may include exercise, massage, application of heat or cold, hydrotherapy, and a variety of other technologies. They frequently use exercise equipment and weight training. Physical Therapists often teach patients exercises that they can continue on their own. Therapists must be able to motivate patients to do the exercises that will help them feel less pain, improve performance and adjust to the effects of disabilities or injuries. A Physical Therapist works directly with patients and supervises Physical Therapy Assistants who assist patients with their treatments.

    Job Outlook:
    Physical therapists held about 155,000 jobs in 2004. Employment of Physical Therapists is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through 2014. Physical Therapist Assistants held about 62,000 jobs in 2004. Employment of physical therapist assistants is expected to grow much faster than the average through the year 2014.

    Future medical developments should also permit a higher percentage of trauma victims to survive, creating additional demand for rehabilitative care. Growth also may result from advances in medical technology which permit treatment of more disabling conditions. Widespread interest in health promotion also should increase demand for physical therapy services.

    Entry Level Salary for Sacramento Sierra Region:
    $80,402 (Full Time)

    Education and/or Training:
    Physical Therapists must have strength and stamina to help patients stand, turn, walk, and to move heavy equipment. A bachelor's degree from an accredited Physical Therapy program and license as a Physical Therapist in the State of California are required. Master and doctorate degree programs are also available.

    Career Path:
    Advancement to supervisory or management positions require additional experience and/or an advanced degree.

    Licensure/Certification:

    Schools in Sacramento Sierra Region:

    Societies:


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    Physical Therapy Assistant (PTA)

    Ideal Career For
    Individual with excellent communication skills and enjoy working with people with disabilities

    Nature of Work:
    Physical Therapy Assistants carry out physical therapy activities that are planned and directed by a Physical Therapist. During treatment, Physical Therapy Assistants observe patients and report reactions and progress to the Physical Therapist. They teach and motivate patients to learn or improve daily activities. Typical treatments include hot or cold packs, massage, and exercises. These treatments are used to help heal muscles, nerves, bones and joints. Some assistants fit patients for and teach them how to use crutches, braces, prosthetics or wheelchairs.

    Job Outlook:
    Physical therapist assistants held about 60,000 jobs in 2006 and work with physical therapists in a variety of settings. About 71 percent of jobs were in offices of physical therapists or in hospitals. Others worked primarily in nursing care facilities, offices of physicians, home health care services, and outpatient care centers.

    Employment is expected to grow much faster than average because of increasing consumer demand for physical therapy services. Job prospects for physical therapist assistants are expected to be very good. Employment of physical therapist assistants is expected to grow by 29 percent over the 2006-16 decade, much faster than the average for all occupations.

    The increasing number of people who need therapy reflects, in part, the increasing elderly population. The elderly population is particularly vulnerable to chronic and debilitating conditions that require therapeutic services. In addition, the large baby-boom generation is entering the prime age for heart attacks and strokes, further increasing the demand for cardiac and physical rehabilitation. Moreover, future medical developments should permit an increased percentage of trauma victims to survive, creating added demand for therapy services.

    Physical therapists are expected to increasingly use assistants to reduce the cost of physical therapy services. Once a patient is evaluated and a treatment plan is designed by the physical therapist, the physical therapist assistant can provide many parts of the treatment, as approved by the therapist.

    Entry Level Salary for Sacramento Sierra Region:
    $51,663

    Education and/or Training:
    Physical Therapy Assistants must have strength and stamina to help patients stand, turn, walk, and to move heavy equipment. They must also be licensed by the State of California. Licensing requires either completion of an associate's degree from a physical therapy assistant program, three years of experience as a Physical Therapy Aide plus related college coursework or five years of experience as a Physical Therapy Aide.

    Career Path:
    Physical Therapy Assistants may return to college for a bachelor or master's degree and become Physical Therapists.

    Licensure/Certification:

    Schools in Sacramento Sierra Region

    Societies


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    Rehabilitation Aide

    Ideal Career For
    Individual with excellent communication skills and enjoy working with people with disabilities

    Nature of Work:
    The Rehabilitation Aide performs designated routine tasks related to the operation of Rehabilitation Services. They may assist with patient-related activities, which are pre-determined for each patient and assigned by the Physical/Occupational Therapist. They also maintain equipment, assist with inventory, maintain department cleanliness, transport patients when needed, and perform clerical tasks as assigned.

    Job Outlook:
    Physical therapist aides held approximately 46,000 jobs in 2006 and work with physical therapists in a variety of settings. About 71 percent of jobs were in offices of physical therapists or in hospitals. Others worked primarily in nursing care facilities, offices of physicians, home health care services, and outpatient care centers.

    Employment is expected to grow much faster than average because of increasing consumer demand for physical therapy services. Job prospects for physical therapist aides should experience keen competition for jobs. Employment of physical therapist aides is expected to grow by 29 percent over the 2006-16 decade, much faster than the average for all occupations. The increasing number of people who need therapy reflects, in part, the increasing elderly population. The elderly population is particularly vulnerable to chronic and debilitating conditions that require therapeutic services. In addition, the large baby-boom generation is entering the prime age for heart attacks and strokes, further increasing the demand for cardiac and physical rehabilitation. Moreover, future medical developments should permit an increased percentage of trauma victims to survive, creating added demand for therapy services.

    Physical therapists are expected to increasingly use assistants to reduce the cost of physical therapy services. Once a patient is evaluated and a treatment plan is designed by the physical therapist, the physical therapist assistant can provide many parts of the treatment, as approved by the therapist.

    Entry Level Salary for Sacramento Sierra Region:
    $35,094


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    Speech Pathologist

    Nature of Work:
    Speech-language pathologists work with people who cannot make speech sounds, or cannot make them clearly; those with speech rhythm and fluency problems, such as stuttering; people with voice quality problems, such as inappropriate pitch or harsh voice; those with problems understanding and producing language; those who wish to improve their communication skills by modifying an accent; and those with cognitive communication impairments, such as attention, memory, and problem solving disorders.

    Job Outlook:
    Speech-language pathologists held about 96,000 jobs in 2004. Audiologists held about 10,000 jobs in 2004. Employment of speech-language pathologists and audiologists is expected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations through the year 2010. Because hearing loss is strongly associated with aging, rapid growth in the population age 55 and over will cause the number of persons with hearing impairment to increase considerably. In addition, baby boomers are now entering middle age, when the possibility of neurological disorders and associated speech, language, and hearing impairments increases. Medical advances are also improving the survival rate of premature infants and trauma and stroke victims, who then need assessment and possible treatment.

    Entry Level Salary for Sacramento Sierra Region:
    $80,402 (Full Time)

    Education and/or Training:
    Speech-Language Pathologists must be able to communicate clearly, have patience and provide support and encouragement to patients and their families. Speech-Language Pathologist must have a master's degree in Speech-Language Pathology, or its equivalency, current licensure by the state of California and the Certificate of Clinical Competency (CCC) issued by the American Speech Language and Hearing Association (ASHA). They may also receive a doctorate degree.

    Audiologists must be able to communicate clearly with patient, provide support, be patient and have a strong scientific background. They must pass an exam and be licensed by the state. This requires a master's degree in audiology that includes supervised clinical experience plus nine months of supervised field training. They may also receive a doctorate degree. Certificate of Clinical Competence from the American Speech Language and Hearing Association (ASHA) (CCC-A) is also required. As of 2012, audiologists will have to earn a doctoral degree in order to be certified.

    Career Path:
    Experienced Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists may become supervisors.

    Licensure/Certification:

    Schools in Sacramento Sierra Region:

    Societies:


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